Supermarkets have not been using high rates of inflation as a cover for making higher profits, the boss of Sainsbury’s has told the BBC. When asked if the UK’s second largest supermarket had been profiteering, Simon Roberts said: “Absolutely not.”
Critics have accused food retailers of “greedflation” – putting prices up to bolster profits. The competition watchdog has said it will look at how the grocery market is operating.
As well as the new focus on high food prices from the Competition and Markets Authority, some politicians have called for action on food prices.
But Mr Roberts told the BBC that Sainsbury’s and other grocery chains had spent money to “battle inflation” and avoid passing all of the rising costs onto consumers. “We made less profit year-on-year and that’s because we made really conscious decisions to keep our prices as low as we could,” Mr Roberts said.
Sainsbury’s made £690m in pre-tax profit in the year to March, a fall from £730m the previous year.
There have been growing calls for more clarity over how food prices are set. General inflation has fallen to 8.7%, and energy prices and some wholesale food prices have started to fall back. But food price inflation remains stubbornly high at 19%.
The latest official retail sales figures showed volumes rebounded in April after trading in March was hit by the wet weather. Sales volumes rose 0.5% last month, the Office for National Statistics (ONS) said, with supermarkets seeing higher sales.
However, the ONS figures show the impact of higher prices over the past year, with people buying fewer items but spending more money. Sales volumes in April were 3% lower than at the same point last year, while the amount spent by shoppers was up 4.7%.
Jewellers, sports retailers and department stores all had a good month and, despite high food prices, supermarkets also recovered from the fall in March. The British Retail Consortium (BRC) said the figures were being driven by price and that consumers were shifting their spending patterns and “trading down”, looking for cheaper, value brands. And with the economic outlook still uncertain chief executive of the BRC Helen Dickinson said: “Treats, smaller items that make us feel better, they will continue to do well.”
Ged Futter, a former senior buyer at supermarket Asda and now a retail analyst, said suggestions that supermarkets were “raking in” profits were misplaced, pointing to lower profits across the sector. “There is no evidence from a single supermarket that this is profiteering,” he said. “What they are doing is absorbing some of the higher costs.”
The large supermarkets all made lower profits or losses in the last year, he said. Tesco, the UK’s largest supermarket chain, earned pre-tax profits of £1bn, half of what they earned the previous year.
Profit margins in the industry were below 5%, Mr Futter said, much lower than in food manufacturing. Costs in the agricultural sector have risen by 30%, he added, suggesting farmers and retailers were absorbing some of the price rises.
In recent days, several supermarkets have announced lower prices for some basics that are common to most shopping baskets: bread, milk and butter.
“We invested over £560m in the last year, others have done similarly,” Mr Roberts said. Mr Roberts said pay rises for Sainsbury’s staff of more than 10% last year had contributed to rising prices, but were “locked in”, while he hoped the cost of other inputs such as energy and food commodities would continue to fall.
Tesco, Morrisons and Asda have also raised staff wages in recent months, as have budget retailers Aldi and Lidl.
While the headline rate of food inflation was around 19%, that didn’t mean households were spending 19% more on their food, Mr Roberts added, since most shoppers had decided to buy less, trade down to less expensive choices, or shop more frequently to avoid waste. Shoppers were increasingly turning to own-label products, Mr Roberts added.
Sainsbury’s has relaunched its own-label value range under a new brand name, Stamford Street, to help shoppers find the cheaper options quickly, he said. The range will include 200 products, and will include new staples such as king prawns and cheese tortelloni pasta.